The Effects of Extended Residence on Immigrants and Their Incomes in the U.S.
By: Markis Lopez and Nikita Lysov
The purpose of this study is to estimate the effects on total wages of immigrants (both citizens and non-citizens) of their length of stay in the United States. Despite controlling for many nominal income variables, our overall findings are that as
immigrant’s length of stay is extended their wages stagnate and do not
increase, but decrease over time. Even though immigrants are contributing to
the economy by fulfilling STEM-related or low skill jobs, there has been little
influence on the trend due to Mexican immigrants who represent almost 30% of
minorities and suffer severe discrimination.
How Do Certain Household Characteristics (Welfare, Race, Marital Status and Children) Affect the Head of the Households Employment Decision If They Are Not Highly Educated (HS/GED or lower)
By Alicja Pawlus and Jessie Bosshard
The climate surrounding social welfare in the U.S. and abroad is a controversial topic. Economists, policy advisers, and individuals hold diverse opinions regarding whether governments should support more or less cash assistance and whether certain welfare components--such as food stamps and Medicaid--actually decrease motivation to work. We attempt to empirically understand the effects of certain welfare programs and household characteristics on job security. Similar to other research, we hypothesize that any kind of governmental financial assistance will negatively impact the employment status of an individual, because we view welfare as a support system, rather than an employment incentive.
Effects of Employee-sponsored Health Insurance on the Labor Market
By Josep M. Nadal Fernandez
This paper examines the impact of employee-sponsored health insurance on wages and job mobility using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79). The paper intends to shed light on the lack of empirical evidence due to identification problems by proposing a fixed-effect model. My specifications suggest that wages increase by 9% with employee-sponsored health insurance, though, the relationship becomes insignificant when instrumental variables are used. The paper further finds that tenure is longer for those with employee-sponsored health insurance similar to results of previous analyses. The results should not be seen as completely conclusive due to potential unobserved factors. More exhaustive analyses need to confirm these findings.
Moonlighting During the Financial Crisis
By Kyle Wahe
The decision to take a second job, or to “moonlight,” can be explained by two underlying theories: constrained hours on the primary job and the desire for job heterogeneity. The large impact of the Great Recession on employment warrants consideration of whether or not moonlighting changed during and after this period. Using panel data from the 2008 Survey of Income and Participation, I estimate probit models to determine the incidence of moonlighting during the recession by gender. I find evidence that both genders moonlight as a result of primary-job constraints. In addition, there is evidence that moonlighting occurs more during the recessionary period for women.